（英）A Study on Social Support of LivingAlone Elderly Widows in Rural Area：
Based on the Empirical Investigation of S Village in Shandong Province
（英）作者单位（School of Management， Taishan University， Taian 271000，China ）
This research conducts an empirical analysis on the social support of the livingalone elderly widows in rural area with the methods of questionnaire survey and case interviews. The analysis revealed that： Firstly， the social support of the livingalone elderly widows is poor. The economic support is quite low mean their source of income is less， their income is low， the ability to pay chronic disease medical bills is weak；Secondly， the elderly who have no daughter face enormous difficulties during their illness because daughters attend sick parents usually in rural area； Thirdly， the emotion support is medium. Their daughters and neighbors play a critical role in their emotion support. The low social support of the livingalone elderly widows in rural area is associated with the low level of basic pension in rural area， the limited coverage of minimal assurance，the heavy pressure of the high marriage betrothal gifts and the embarrassment of the daughters taking care of their parents. Therefore，to improve the basic rural pension level， to expand the range of minimal assurance， to include daily chronic diseases into the new rural cooperative medical system， to raise the sense of responsibility of family economic support， to advocating the daughter pension are the reasonable countermeasure.
Keywords：（英）關键词：the rural elderly women； livingalone elderly widows； social support